Below, an updated look at how the islands are faring.
Antigua and Barbuda
This two-island nation, which has been struggling since 2009 amid the recession, depends heavily on tourism. Antigua was spared the worst of Irma. Most hotels (including Carlisle Bay, Cocos Hotel and Keyonna Beach Resort), beach bars and restaurants are largely undamaged. As a result, the country said it has received an unprecedented number of calls due to changed cruise itineraries after the hurricanes. With more ships heading to Antigua, this could be a record-breaking year for cruise tourism there. About a dozen calls to its port will be from ships that have never visited before. The islands are expecting the largest number of cruise passengers ever to visit on Dec. 26, Boxing Day.
Barbuda, Antigua’s little sister, however, is in ruins. Gaston Browne, the prime minister, said that 90 percent of the island’s properties were damaged or destroyed. That includes hotels. But because there were fewer than 100 rooms on the island, the overall effect on tourism is minimal, the Caribbean Tourism Organization said.
Barbuda’s unspoiled land made it an attractive getaway. The actor Robert De Niro and James Packer, the Australian businessman, were in the process of transforming the island’s former K Club Resort into the Paradise Found Nobu Resort when the hurricane struck.
Mr. De Niro participated in a hurricane relief telethon broadcast in September.
Battered by Hurricane Maria, Puerto Rico is a federal disaster zone. A blackout still affects most of the island. Many people are without running water and adequate medical care. The energy grid was essentially destroyed. El Yunque National Forest, a major tourist destination and home to endangered species of birds and frogs, is closed until further notice after being decimated.
The United States territory, which has been in a recession for more than a decade, has looked to tourism as something of a bright spot. In the last year, Puerto Rico has seen record numbers of cruise ship visitors, as well as record hotel occupancy rates.
More than a dozen hotels are open and accepting reservations, but many including El Conquistador, a Waldorf Astoria Resort, which is housing relief workers, and Dorado Beach, a Ritz-Carlton Reserve, are closed. Some hotels will begin accepting reservations again in late October. Others won’t be taking reservations until 2018. (For information on Marriott International hotels and resorts in the Caribbean, visit Paradisebymarriott.com/updates.) On its website, Puerto Rico’s tourism company recommends that anyone with a trip scheduled through Oct. 15 consider rebooking. A list of hotel openings and closures is at Puertoriconow.seepuertorico.com/hotels.
The Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport is open, though travelers should contact their airline to confirm flights. “We look forward to getting back on our feet in the hopes of welcoming visitors to the Island in the weeks ahead,” José Izquierdo, the executive director of the government agency Puerto Rico Tourism Company, said in a statement last week.
U.S. Virgin Islands
Tourism, particularly from cruise ships, is an economic mainstay here. The department of tourism said this week that it is working to announce the return of cruise traffic in the coming months. The Henry E. Rohlsen Airport on St. Croix is open, and the Cyril E. King International Airport on St. Thomas recently re-opened to commercial flights.
Even so, the islands are struggling. There are power outages, and homes lack running water. Many hotels are closed, or open only to relief workers, like the Windward Passage Hotel on St. Thomas.
The Ritz-Carlton, St. Thomas and Frenchman’s Reef & Morning Star Marriott Beach Resort are not accepting new reservations. Neither is the Renaissance St Croix Carambola Resort on St. Croix, or the Westin St. John Resort Villas on St. John. The Buccaneer, an historic hotel on St. Croix, is a bright spot. The resort said it’s accepting reservations for guests arriving on or after Nov. 1 (though availability is limited as many rooms are housing relief teams).
British Virgin Islands
These 60 islands east of Puerto Rico, which include Tortola, are also dependent on tourism and benefit from visitors from the nearby United States Virgin Islands. That’s unlikely to happen with those islands still recovering. And the British Virgin Islands were themselves walloped by the storms. A majority of the hotels are closed and damage assessments are ongoing.
Luxury tourism is essential for this British dependency. After some 90 percent of the electricity infrastructure was damaged, along with the main water supply, the Caribbean Tourism Organization said that the restoration of electricity is underway and that most of the island now has phone and internet service. Roads and beaches have been cleared. The Blowing Point ferry terminal will be demolished; construction on a new terminal is expected to begin soon. A number of hotels are currently housing relief workers. Some plan to open in December. The CuisinArt Golf Resort & Spa expects to be closed through the summer of 2018. The Four Seasons Resort & Residences Anguilla will be closed through the end of the year.
A European Union territory and hideaway for the rich and famous, St. Barthélemy took a beating, including its first hotel, Eden Rock, where guests have included Greta Garbo, Howard Hughes and Bono. The resort, owned by David and Jane Matthews (Pippa Middleton’s in-laws), was closed for annual maintenance when Irma hit, but the damage was such that its early October opening has been postponed. Hotel Christopher St Barth plans to reopen in March 2018. Le Guanahani is planning to reopen in the summer of 2018.
St. Martin / Sint Maarten
Most visitors arrive through the Princess Juliana International Airport in tourism-dependent Sint Maarten (on the Dutch side), which suffered severe damage. Commercial flights resumed a few days ago, even as people on the island struggle for basic needs. “Of course, we’re not back up 100 percent,” Michel Hyman, acting chief executive of the airport said in a recent statement, “but we recognize that the way the airport goes, so goes the island.”
Sonesta St. Maarten Resorts said that its properties were signficantly damaged. Reservations through the end of the year have been canceled. Many hotels, including the Westin Dawn Beach Resort and Spa, Belair Beach Hotel and Oyster Bay Beach Resort are closed until further notice. The Summit Resort Hotel, one of the earliest hotels on the Dutch side of Sint Maarten, was destroyed.
Turks and Caicos Islands
In addition to tourism, this British overseas territory also relies on offshore financial services and fishing, according to the Central Intelligence Agency. Water and power have been restored to Providenciales, North and Middle Caicos and South Caicos. Roads have been cleared, and Providenciales International Airport and Grand Turk JAGS McCartney International Airport are open, as are a number of hotels and restaurants.
The State Department recently issued a travel warning saying that United States Embassy Havana employees had been targeted in attacks that left them with hearing loss, dizziness, headaches, fatigue, cognitive issues and difficulty sleeping. It came after a previous warning, advising United States citizens to avoid travel to Cuba while hurricane recovery efforts were underway. Irma was yet another setback for the Communist nation, where the burgeoning tourism industry has provided much-needed income. The Department said that large parts of the country, including around Havana, were without power and running water, and that getting around was difficult.
Despite both warnings, cruise lines, including Carnival Cruise Line and Norwegian Cruise Line, are still planning to sail to Cuba in 2018.
That said, not all tourism facilities and lodging options are operating as usual. Tourism officials recommend that travelers call in advance of their trip to make sure their hotels and must-see attractions are open.
The repairs were completed in time for Key West’s annual costume festival, Fantasy Fest, which kicks off on Oct. 20.