The Economic Development Corporation said the ferry service is averaging about 12,000 passengers a day, and it expects ridership to climb, as about 500,000 New Yorkers live within a half-mile of a ferry stop.
As The Times reported this week, two of four new ferry lines are already carrying more passengers than had been projected for 2019, and the city is already considering adding new express routes to get commuters to and from their jobs more quickly.
For some longtime residents on the waterfront, the ferry’s success brings a measure of vindication.
“When I first got here, everybody thought I was out of my mind,” said Mayra Mercado, 49, a physician assistant who moved to the western edge of Astoria, Queens, in 2006. “It used to be a very lonely, long walk home,” she said of her 20-minute hike to the N train.
She bought a one-bedroom condo on Vernon Boulevard, a half block from the river, for about $305,000, because she loved the idea of waterfront living. Now, 11 years later, sales data suggest that she could sell her unit for nearly double that price. She isn’t looking to sell, however — partly because she loves the area, but also because nearby two-bedrooms can run close to $1 million.
Ms. Mercado, who lives with her partner, Peter Anderson, 50, a marine biologist, is just a five-minute walk from the new ferry landing, and she takes the ferry twice a week to get to her job in Midtown. (When it is too cold or rainy, she drives.) Since the line opened this summer, some friends have completely sworn off subway rush hour, she said, and use the ferry exclusively.
On board the ferries, commuters cruise the East River with free Wi-Fi and views of the Manhattan skyline. A kiosk serves organic snacks, beer and wine, and matcha green-tea blends that cost $5.25 (credit cards accepted). The 35-minute Astoria loop, which opened in August, connects to Roosevelt Island, Long Island City, 34th Street in Midtown and Wall Street.
“You should see our sunsets, they’re absolutely spectacular,” Ms. Mercado said of the vistas along a placid but gritty swath of former landfill, where swans glide near chain-link fences. Nearby is the Socrates Sculpture Park, a dumpsite-turned-park-space with modernist art that embraces the area’s industrial past.
Even before the ferry arrived, the neighborhood was transforming. Within a 10-minute walk of the ferry landing, there were 38 condo or rental projects, a total of 2,102 units, in the works in November, said Patrick W. Smith, an associate broker with Stribling & Associates. That exceeds the existing inventory of just 30 residential buildings and 1,667 units, he said. And it doesn’t include Halletts Point, a massive rental project by the Durst Organization, which could add some 2,100 additional units, about a quarter of which will be reserved for lower-income renters, by 2022, said Jordan Barowitz, a Durst spokesman.
“The moment they announced the ferry, we bought as many things as we possibly could,” said Brett Harris, a founding partner of AKI Development, which has six projects near the Astoria landing.
Local rezoning that made it possible to build more housing on the mostly commercial waterfront in 2010 brought AKI and others to the area, but the ferry kicked things into high gear, he said. Graffiti House, the seven-story rental AKI completed last year, is fully leased, with all 28 one-bedroom units, which have heated floors and high-end finishes, going for around $3,000 a month. “We thought we were going to get $2,000 to $2,100,” Mr. Harris said.
Evidence of the ferry’s effect can already be seen at other stops along the East River, said Grant Long, senior economist at the real estate site StreetEasy. In an analysis of rentals within a 10-minute walk of the ferry service, rents grew about 1.5 percent faster in the last year than those up to a half-hour away in Astoria, Greenpoint and part of Brooklyn Heights and Cobble Hill. Markets farther south, in Sunset Park and Bay Ridge, showed signs of similar rent growth near the ferry, but there were too few transactions to analyze.
“The difference in rental growth is really striking because it’s uniform,” said Mr. Long of the areas closest to ferry lines. Pricier neighborhoods with more transit options, like Dumbo, Williamsburg and Long Island City, were less affected. Since rents across the city have been largely stagnant, with Brooklyn and Queens averaging just 0.3 percent increases in the last year, the rent growth in these waterfront neighborhoods is telling.
“This is as close to causation as you can get,” Mr. Long said.
In Greenpoint, where rents near the India Street ferry landing were up 1.9 percent, the pier is a work in progress. On a recent weekday morning, cranes and earthmovers sputtered and hummed over the churn of the East River, while construction workers filled the air with colorful language. Two blocks inland, a hip coffee shop served oat milk lattes, but the walk to the ferry landing was still lined with shuttered garage bays and heavy machinery.
The construction crew was working on the Greenpoint, a glassy 40-story rental and condo project opening next year with 603 units, 95 of them condos with prices ranging from $835,000 for a studio to about $3.5 million for a three-bedroom. Sales began in June and more than half of the condos are under contract or reserved, said Jodi Stasse, who is managing sales with Corcoran Sunshine. The bulk of the project, rental apartments, will start leasing in the spring. In exchange for city tax benefits, about 20 percent of the units will be reserved for lower-income tenants.
“Until we’ve also proven the rental market, people are going to be cautious,” said Richard Mack, co-founder of Mack Real Estate Group, one of the developers. Most new projects in the area include rentals, he said, because lenders are still skeptical about the area’s ability to absorb a big supply of condos.
“I think a lot of them are worried about being able to sell a 2,000-unit building all at once,” said Win Brown, an agent with CORE, of developers’ concerns. The building boom has been mostly rental, he said, with eight waterfront towers now approved for Greenpoint, comparable to development in trendier Williamsburg. But the median rent for apartments near the ferry was $2,960 a month, according to StreetEasy — still lower than the $3,411 median near the North Williamsburg ferry stop.
There are signs that parts of the riverfront market may be getting frothy. In October, almost half the new rental buildings in Brooklyn offered concessions, like a period of free rent or discounted broker fees, said Jonathan J. Miller, the New York real estate appraiser. That is a significantly higher number than in Manhattan (where only 34 percent of new towers were offering concessions), which is stoking concerns about oversupply.
“I can’t tell you one building that’s not offering at least a month, if not more” in free rent, said Rebecca Epstein, director of residential leasing for Two Trees Management in Brooklyn. Her firm is handling the Domino Sugar project, the luxury conversion of the waterfront sugar refinery in Williamsburg that will bring 2,800 new units to the area — 25 percent of which will go to lower-income renters — as well as a public square and dog run on the riverfront. The first leg of the project, at 325 Kent Avenue, where prices range from $2,590 a month for a studio to $5,290 for a two-bedroom, is offering one month of free rent to new tenants.
Ms. Epstein, however, said she is not concerned about filling the project. She said that 30 percent of the units at 325 Kent have been leased since late May, and prices have been raised twice. The nearby ferry stop, a short walk from the site, is not new to the neighborhood — regular service was introduced in 2011 — but the reduced fare has made it more appealing to renters from Manhattan and other parts of Brooklyn, she said.
Many remain bullish on the Williamsburg waterfront, including some boldface names. Eliot Spitzer, the former governor of New York, who resigned after a sex scandal, is now at the helm of his family’s first ground-up rental project in many years, a few minutes away from the Domino site.
“In my view, that’s all good,” Mr. Spitzer said of the nearby competition. “There will be sufficient demand.”
His three buildings at 416 and 420 Kent Avenue, where prices range from about $2,800 a month for a studio up to about $10,000 a month for a penthouse, will have 857 units, said David Maundrell of Citi Habitats New Development, with about a quarter reserved for lower-income renters.
“It’s evolved more into an everyday amenity,” Todd Lewin, an associate broker with CORE, said of the ferry.
The ferry isn’t driving deals yet, he added, but it is the talk of the town, especially with the impending L train closure. StreetEasy found that 30 percent of the more than 1,000 rentals near a ferry stop were advertising the ferry service, up from 23 percent last year.
Luxury renters are not the only ones who stand to benefit from the ferry expansion and the development it attracts. The riverfront is also home to some of the largest public housing complexes in the city, including the 22-building Astoria Houses in western Queens, built in the 1940s.
Claudia Coger, the president of the resident association, said not much has changed in the 62 years she has lived there. “It’s been a fight to get attention” for the community, she said, where the nearest supermarket for some is 20 blocks away. So she is pleased that Halletts Point, the Durst Organization project that will add 2,100 apartments across the street from her complex, will include a new supermarket and bring retail jobs to the area. “A lot of people in the community don’t think beyond their environment — this opens doors,” she said about the ferry.
“We’ve been a transportation-starved desert,” said Richard Khuzami, president of the Old Astoria Neighborhood Association, which welcomed the ferry.
Still, he said, the development the ferry has attracted has brought mostly studio and one-bedroom rentals, when there is a need for larger apartments: “You want more families in here, and right now, it’s not easy.”
Critics have also pointed out that some of the “affordable” units the city negotiated with developers are far from it. Because of a formula that relies on an area’s median income, some larger low-income units require tenants who make six-figure salaries.
Alicia Glen, the deputy mayor for Housing and Economic Development, said that the bulk of the lower-income housing “really does serve people making between $40,000 to $80,000.” Between 25 and 30 percent of all new units on the waterfront, she said, would be set aside for that purpose.
Others find the changes unwelcome. Lillie Marshall, president of the Red Hook West tenant association, a large public housing complex, said the ferry benefits locals, but the ubiquitous Citi Bike racks that sprang up around the pier take away parking from residents who drive to work. “We don’t need that garbage,” she said.
And the ferry rollout has been far from perfect. A number of ferries have been pulled for repairs, said Stephanie Báez, an EDC spokeswoman, and this week a Rockaway-bound ferry was evacuated after it struck a submerged object. No injuries were reported.
The problems haven’t deterred some longtime straphangers. Stephanie Ebeyer-Verdirame, 42, an interior designer born and raised in Bay Ridge, Brooklyn, takes the ferry whenever she can.
Mrs. Ebeyer-Verdirame bought a two-family home with her husband, Michael Verdirame, an emergency room physician, for $795,000 in 2013, a block from the Bay Ridge landing. They spent another $200,000 on renovations.
To help pay down the home, they are renting the first floor for $2,050 a month, and the ferry will make it easier to find other tenants, she said. Melissa Leifer, an agent with Keller Williams TriBeCa, said the first floor could rent for $2,300 a month now that the area is luring more renters from downtown Manhattan, a 40-minute ferry away.
It takes Mrs. Ebeyer-Verdirame more than an hour to catch a ferry to Wall Street and then a train to her firm, Ennead Architects, in the West Village, while the express bus takes about 40 minutes. Even so, she braves the cold every morning to wait for the ferry, for one good reason: “We’re the first stop — so you always get a seat.”
Correction: December 1, 2017
Because of an editing error, an earlier version of this article misstated the percentage change in the number of rentals near ferry terminals that advertise ferry service. The percentage is 30 percent, up from 23 percent last year, not an increase of 23 percent from last year.